It’s June 19 and your calendar sends you a notification that the holiday Juneteenth is today, but you do not know what is being celebrated. In here all the question concerning Juneteenth will be answered. Juneteenth is the oldest commemoration that is nationally celebrated of the United States ending slavery. Back on June 19, 1865 Union soldiers that were led by General Gordon Granger notified slaves that they were free. Although Abraham Lincoln placed the order Emancipation Proclamation, officially on January 1, 1863, this executive order was not enforced due to not having many Union troops to enforce it in Texas. The purpose of Emancipation Proclamation was to abolish slavery in the United States, but even though an executive order was set slaves did not achieve their freedom until 2 years and half later.
Federal troops arrive in Galveston, Texas in 1865 in order to take control over the state and to make sure that all those people who were enslaved be free. Even though General Robert E. Lee surrendered in Virginia 2 months prior June 19th, 1865, slavery was ongoing in Texas. The ongoing slavery was banished once General Gordon Granger enforced the executive order that all slaves are free. Why wasn’t the executive order enforced in the United States? The United States was separated between Union and Confederate, and the Confederate were considered the “rebellious states”. The Emancipation Proclamation stated that this decree would grant freedom to slaves if rebellious states joined the Union, and only granted freedom to slaves that were residing in the states not under the Union control. No confederate state joined the Union and slavery prolonged.
June 19 is also known as “Jubilee Day”, and Texas became the first state to recognize Juneteenth as an official holiday. Texas made it an official holiday on 1980. Today 47 states in the United States recognize Juneteenth as a holiday. June 19th marks the second Independence Day in the United States and is a monumental event for Americans and especially African Americans. After the Emancipation Proclamation the Reconstructed era occurred. This allowed an opportunity for former slaves to reunite with their family and be treated as equals. African Americans were empowered and inspired because of the opportunities that were given.
After June 19th, 1865 slavery in the United States was formally abolished once the 13th Amendment was adopted in December of that year. This holiday is celebrated with a barbecue and descent attire. Junee 19th is also focused for self-improvement and education. Because of this there are often guest speakers. In addition, prayers and religious ceremonies are held because of this commemoration. Now almost 156 years later individuals nationally continue to celebrate the day when enslaved African Americans were informed that they are free.
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June 19, 2021
As many of you know we are currently in a worldwide pandemic, but what is a pandemic? A pandemic is when a bad bug has hurt many people and sometimes leading them to death. At the moment we are currently dealing with COVID-19 or also known as the coronavirus, and it looks like a crown. If you go around, you are probably not going to see it because it is very tiny (tinier than an ant!). This might sound bad when your lives have just started, but if you follow simple rules the changes of you getting a bad bug lower down. The simple rules are wear a mask, avoid places where there are too many people, always wash your hands, and stay at least 6 feet away from people who are not family.
Wear a Mask
Masks are used to prevent you from getting the virus. Yes, sometimes the mask can be annoying, but it helps you and those you are close to not to get sick. Make sure you cover both your mouth and nose with the mask. Don’t worry there are so many styles that you can choose from, but make sure you cover your nose and mouth. Remember that the virus is tinier than an ant, and all the possible entries should be guarded.
Avoid Crowded Place
Places where there are many people should be avoided because that is where many people can possibly get the virus. This virus jumps from person to person, and it is best to avoid. Yes, sometimes you want to see your friends or extended family but remember that safety is first. It is best for everyone to look for the well-being of others so in the future we can see each other again like before.
Wash Your Hands
The only way to kill the bad bug is by washing your hands, but this does not mean to just wet your hands. You should use soap and water to wash your hands correctly. Make sure to first wet your hands and then turn of the water faucet (we don’t want to waste any water). After the hands are wet add soap to hands. Rub every part of your hand together and make sure to keep rubbing until you finish singing “Happy Birthday” two times. Once you are finished rubbing open the water faucet and rinse off all the soap from your hands. Your hands are very wet so grab a towel to dry them off. You should wash your hands every time you do something different.
Stay At Least 6 Feet Away
You might ask yourself how much is 6 feet? 6 feet are about 2 to 3 of your arms extended out. If you reach out your hand out at are able to touch the person you are too close to them and should think about getting a little further from them. Why 6 feet? The virus has the power to jump from person to person, and 6 feet is considered to be a safe distance. It is best to not get out the house, but sometimes you need to get out.
The safety of everyone is important and if you follow these rules not only can you prevent getting the virus, but also stop the virus from jumping from person to person. Yes, it is sometimes overwhelming but if we all come together and follow the rules, the faster everything will come back to normal. The virus might be tinier than an ant, but if the rules are followed you can stop them. Remember that safety is always first and you can be safe by following the rules!
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May 11, 2021
Many parents wish that there were a set of rules in order to give their child a good infancy. The stage of child development is crucial to humans as life progresses. The first stages of the development of a child involves trust, independence, initiative, and self-esteem. The environment of individuals is extremely important because it influences the way the child develops. There is not an ideal way to give a child the right infancy, but there are ways to improve children’s trust, independence, initiative, and self-esteem.
In order for children to be able to trust others and their surroundings a sense of safety has to be ensured. By actively listening to children their sense of safety is granted. If they feel that they are being heard, then they will trust those around. Not only is actively listening to children important to help children trust, but also setting the example. Parents are role models to children so if a parent does something then the child will reciprocate the action. If the child is told not to do the action the parent did then their trust will downgrade, so parents should do actions that they would want children to reciprocate.
Parents would want to erase any danger that their offspring can possibly interact with, and because of these parents are prone to overprotect their children. The overprotection of offspring is due to parents not wanting their children interacting with bad things. The reality of life is that as humans interacting with bad things is part of a lifestyle, and the only thing that can be controlled is how a person perceives or interacts with that bad thing. Encourage children to be independent when there is no real danger, so they can believe they can do it. If offspring’s feel that their parents do not believe in them then they will not believe in themselves, which causes them not to feel independence.
Children need to start taking initiative in order to not feel guilt. In order for children to not feel guilt and rather take initiative in their life is by praising child’s effort. Instead of praising the end result of the product, praise the effort the child put into their work. If a child asks a parent a question, then the parent should make a follow up question because this will help children make decisions for themselves. Additionally, when they do not believe in themselves hinting a new alternative can help children taking initiative. Allowing children to make their own decisions also helps. This past suggestion might seem to parents that they are playing with fire, but by giving them the option to make own decisions can reduce their frustration.
Comparisons affect the way a child perceives themselves, and it can either give them self-esteem or inferiority. Helping children learn new things helps their self-esteem to improve dramatically. By taking time and teaching them to do a task or subject can change how they perceive themselves and are less likely to feel inferior. Teaching children is a way for them to be able to feel that they are allowed to mess-up sometimes, and they should not be discouraged because of that mistake. By encouraging children to help others is also a way to improve self-esteem because this can lead to feeling good about their selves.
Parenting is not an easy task but by ensuring safety, encouragement, initiation, and positive perception everything come naturally. There is no right or wrong way to raise children, but by helping them with trust, independence, initiative, and self-esteem the development of children will not be affected.
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March 22, 2021
Happy Labor Day! What Are We Celebrating Exactly?
You have the day off from school and your parents are at home instead of at work today. Perhaps you're enjoying the final days of summer with a delicious cook-out to celebrate. You’ve probably heard or read somewhere that the reason for that is because today is Labor Day. But what are we celebrating exactly on Labor Day?
The holiday is way more than just a day to relax with family while enjoying a cook-out and playing outside. Labor Day is an important day to both our past and future as a country. Labor Day reminds us of how things used to be and appreciate how they are now.
Labor Day is a national holiday celebrated on September 7th when we acknowledge and honor workers and laborers here in the United States, particularly those in manual labor like construction workers, factory workers, and warehouse workers. These workers help make our country strong and successful by working hard to provide the country with things they need for everyday life; things like cotton, vegetables and fruits, metal, iron, and oil. While we might see these workers enjoying good working conditions and getting decent pay now, it wasn’t always like that.
During the Industrial Revolution of the late 1700s and throughout the 1800s, laborers like factory workers and construction workers worked very long hours, even to the point of exhaustion. They would come home without any energy left from working more than 16 hours a day! Some of these workers were even children just like you! Can you imagine having to work long hours at a factory instead of attending school? To make matters worse, many of these workers worked under horrible working conditions like extreme heat and no running water. They also didn’t make enough money to support their families with food and decent shelter. This might all seem unreal to you, but that was the reality in American during this time.
Eventually, these workers grew very unhappy and even angry with their employers. They wanted to be paid a decent wage and have their working conditions improved. After all, everyone deserves water while working in the hot sun, right? These people formed unions, or groups of workers, and began demanding better wages and conditions for themselves and their fellow workers. On September 5, 1882, many of these workers took the day off in New York City as a form of protest, but also as a way of finally relaxing with their families after weeks of working without a day off. Since their employers wouldn't allow them a day off from their work duties, these workers took matters into their own hands and took the day off without any formal approval. This helped employers understand the value of their workforce.
But it wasn’t until the Pullman Strike of 1894 when railroad workers performed a strike that President Grover Cleveland began negotiating with the unions. The Pullman Strike stopped much of the nation’s railroad travel and traffic, a huge contributor to the nation’s economy. Without the railroad system running, many other parts of the countries and many businesses couldn't function appropriately. Much of the country depended on the railroad system. It's like if the delivery trucks stopped running for a few days. How would you get your online orders? How would a company get their supplies? What if people didn't get medicines on time? Having the railroad system not function helped the government understand that workers were people and needed to be treated with respect. President Cleveland declared September 7th as the national holiday known as Labor Day.
Even though this seems impossible now, it is important to remember this part of history so that we continue to support and show appreciation for the hard-working men and women that provide us with food, services, cotton for clothes, material for our homes. Almost everything we have is in one way or another provided to us by the workers of this country.
Remember, it is because of these brave and courageous men and women that you can have the day off and go to school instead of working in a hot factory with no running water!
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Sept. 7, 2020
On International Non-Binary Day, How to Discuss Gender Non-Binary With Children
Perhaps you've heard the term non-binary on the news, on the radio, on television, or while you listen to one of your favorite podcasts. Non-binary is usually mentioned when discussing people's identity, particular when dealing with gender. For some, hearing the term non-binary might have caused confusion because, traditionally, society has often discussed gender by only referencing male and female. However, some people don't identify as neither male or female. Rather, they identify as gender non-binary.
What exactly is gender non-binary? The word binary means "involving two." Therefore, non-binary means not strictly involving two. Some people who do not necessarily identify as neither male or female have adapted the term non-binary. It is important to recognize that gender non-binary is nothing new or a fad. Many cultures and societies have acknowledged non-binary members for centuries. Therefore, we must not perceive gender non-binary as something which only applies to young generations, but rather, something that has been around for ages, although not always within our own social groups.
In the last few years, people who identify as non-binary have made incredible strides toward social visibility and representation here in the United States, as has most of the LGBTQIA community. In doing so, many LGBTQIA issues and topics have been heavily discussed in the media and social dialogues. As adults, it is important to pay attention to these discussions in order to be educated and aware as well as know how to relay this information to children.
Children are curious by nature. They tend to have a lot of questions. They, too, might come across the term non-binary. Perhaps they've even encountered a non-binary identifying individual. Maybe they even show indications that they might later identify as non-binary themselves. As adults, we shouldn't shut down a child's nature to be inquisitive simply because we don't know the answers to their questions or because the topic makes us uncomfortable. We have to remind ourselves that children are smarter than what we believe them to be. Contrary to what we may believe, children can understand complex topics and issues, including gender.
It's definitely okay to not be certain on how to navigate talking to your children about gender, including non-binary. As adults, we won't always have the answers to everything, and that is perfectly fine.
Here are some tips on discussing gender non-binary with children:
First, define non-binary: It is important to first help children give definition to their curiosities. Although gender is a complex issue to discuss, simplify it by saying that being male or female is actually your biological sex, or the sex you are anatomically born with. Gender is different. Gender can be fluid, meaning there are more options to gender other than male or female. Some people identify as a mixture of both. Give them the example of a swirled ice cream cone. Some people identify as vanilla, others as chocolate. Some identify as both, or, in our example, a swirled ice cream cone. All identities are welcomed.
Explain that there is more than meets the eye: It is easy to concentrate on someone's visible indications to their biological sex such as facial features and body structure. However, these don't imply the person's gender identity. Explain to children that only because something appears to be one thing, that doesn't mean it can't be something else. This can potentially be easier for children to understand than adults because children emphasize on imagination. They haven't developed fixated ideas of what is necessarily particular to one gender or the other. Having these conversations with children can prepare them to be understanding and educated adults.
Encourage them to acknowledge and celebrate people's differences: The most important part of explaining gender non-binary to children is to mention that people's differences should be acknowledged and celebrated and not feared or ridiculed. Children's ability to see beyond race, gender, ethnicity, and sexuality is often taken for granted. Instead of being wary about having these kind of conversations with children, we should be looking out for any opportunities to discuss certain realities with them and encouraging them to see the world for what it is; full of diversity and variety.
Encourage them to continue asking questions: Just like adults, children will develop further questions and thoughts based on the conversations they have. Follow-up with children by asking them if they have any further questions or thoughts regarding gender non-binary. Continue the conversation by explaining to them that other identities exists, such as other members of the LGBTQIA community. In doing so, you will be enhancing the child's social skills, comprehensive skills, and building them up for a brighter future.
Southwest LatinX celebrates everyone's identity and differences. We operate as an all-inclusive organization and welcome everyone as they are.
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July 14, 2020
Reminders Of What To Do As Our City Reopens
For the last few months, we have been in quarantine and practicing social distancing. Because of the coronavirus pandemic, much of the things we are used to doing were placed on hold and the places we frequented were closed. Businesses were shut down. Parks and recreational areas were off limits. Restaurants resorted to take-out orders only. Theaters turned off their lights indefinitely. School classrooms went completely digital.
The pandemic changed everyone's daily routines and everyday life. Both adults and children had to adapt to new lifestyles during the quarantine. We all have been patiently waiting to resume some sort of normalcy.
Now that some places and businesses are reopening their doors, it is important to continue practicing some of the measures we have been practicing since the start of the pandemic. Slowly but surely, businesses and are starting to open their doors under certain regulations as are many social places and areas. While we are all eager to get back to life as we knew it before the pandemic, we are all still responsible of our own health and for being considerate toward the health of those around us.
We can do just that by doing the following:
Take your temperature before leaving home: One of the first indicators of an illness is having a high temperature. Normally, a child’s body temperature should be around 97.4° F and an adult temperature should be at around 98.6°F. If your thermometer is showing a reading higher than those temperatures, it would be wise to simply stay home. If your body temperature exceeds 100° F, you should seek medical attention immediately.
Wear a mask: Wearing a mask which effectively covers both your mouth and nose is one of the most important and responsible things to do when going out. The coronavirus can spread from person to person simply by being in close proximity to someone who is speaking, sneezing, or coughing. This is true even if the person is asymptomatic, meaning they show no apparent symptoms. Wearing a mask helps you avoid the spread of germs while protecting yourself from the germs of others. The CDC recommends wearing a mask in areas of "significant community-based transmissions," including grocery and retail stores, restaurants, and pharmacies. The CDC also recommends wearing cloth masks since they can be washed, sanitized, and then reused.